The Latin word experimentum means a trial or a test. The experiment is defined as any action or process that is used in order to discover something not yet known or to demonstrate and prove empirically something known. The experiment as a scientific method, can be defined as follows: is a set of real observations and calculations that may come from them, performed in the context of supporting solution(s) for a specific problem and / or to retain or falsify a hypothesis or research regarding any kind of phenomena.
Almost every powerful country with modern armed forces are to due to some kind of transformation, which is simply translated in adapting new ideas for facing the operational environment under an efficient and effective view. As the modern weapon systems provide technological capabilities which can reduce the time of operational results by achieving objectives fast and accurate, military leaders and decision makers are trying to follow the rules of technology and at the same time empower their armies level of knowledge for effective use of these weapons. Additionally, younger generations of military professionals have a certain relation with technology and in particular with information technology, which allow them to take right decisions in short time. On the other hand, a great set of details that can configure the battlefield environment are not taken in consideration because of the inability of technology to describe them through machines or smart weapon solutions. This imbalance is creating a gap in both strategic and tactical thinking and planning which is producing uncertainty regarding the effects and side effects of a military operation. A great set of calculations is usually available for decision makers and operational planners, during the planning process of an operation but many of them are following a typical logic coming from doctrines and standards. many stochastic models have been developed in order to secure military operations and reduce casualties and side effects, but most of times those models are incapable to assist planners to foresee the real consequences of their plans.
One way or another, transformation processes in modern armed forces are extensively use constructive simulation models for two main reasons: For realistic training and operational planning evaluation. Most of times, modelling and simulation procedures are not following a methodological path and this fact reduces dramatically the expected results from the use of simulation. Military science, is forced to adapt methodological tools in order to ensure the provided results from training and planning activities. This framework of methodological tools include experiment, under the limitations of costs, time and casualties, that military leaders have to estimate correctly. Planning and executing a military experiment means that a set of productive resources are “captured” for just to check the correctness of an idea. This simplified and naive perspective, that many military leaders adapt, reveals that even in modern times is extremely difficult to import innovations for supporting the needed transformation, which is targeting in reducing casualties and side effects and maximize the operational benefits.
Military experimentation is a brand new methodological tool for supporting both training and operational objectives, based on a set of technological tools and mainly through constructive simulation. We can define military experimentation as the methodological process of testing transformation innovations with the extensive use of constructive simulation, for adapting the whole or parts of them, fast and effective in training and operational planning doctrines and procedures.
There are certain steps for military experimentation which are summarily described in the following bullets:
- Cost and necessity study for the experimentation including fields of interest that the experiment should cover
- Requirements analysis including software, hardware, resources, infrastructure and facilities (if the experimentation needs high security standards)
- Experimentation design (subject, hypothesis, aim, execution method and results analysis method)
- Experimentation execution
- Experimentation outcomes & results analysis
MSETT’s proven capability to plan and support by its know how military experimentation, has provided to the company a unique advantage, comparing to other groups of experts. MSETT’s team, consisting from military operational officers, operational researchers, statisticians, legal and information technology experts, based on a low cost experimentation methodology, can test and impose innovative solutions and ideas, produced by military experimentation for HQ’s, think tanks and decision – policy makers. Costs, preparation and execution time can be flexibly reduced depending on the simulation and operational tools that the experimentation beneficiary should choose and his capability to provide adequate resources and capable – experienced personnel.